Improvement of Fifth Grade Students’ Mathematical Reasoning and Learning Activity with the Implementation of Problem Solving Learning Model

Efry Yenny, Ahmad Fauzan, Yanti Fitria


This research is background by a low mathematical ability of students’ reasoning and learning activities in mathematics. Therefore, the aim of this research is to increase students’ reasoning and learning activities with the implementation of problem solving learning model. Type of research is classroom action research which have a cycle model consist of  four components, namely planning, action, observation and reflection. This research conducted in two cycles that consisting of four meetings. At each cycle student activities during the learning process were observed, and at the end of each cycle a test of learning outcomes was given. The research is carried out with 30 fifth grade students from a public elementary school in semester 2 of the 2019/2020 school year. The instruments used were observation, and field notes, interviews and test results. The data obtained in the research were analyzed using qualitative analysis, analyzing the collection of data until all data has been collected. The data is reduced based on the problem under study, followed by the presentation of the data and finally the conclusion or verification. The results show that fifth grade students’ mathematicalreasoning and learning activities increase after the implementation of problem solving learning model.


learning activities; mathematics; problem solving; reasoning

Full Text:



Al-Badri, S. (2012). Statistical Methods for Quantitative Research. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Anastasha D., Fitria, Y., & Irdamurni, I. (2018). The Effect Of Inquiry Learning Toward 5th Grade Students’ Understanding On Sciences Based On Motivation In Padang. Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEK Indonesia, 1-5.

Depdiknas. (2006). Permendiknas No 22 Tahun 2006 tentang standar isi. Jakarta.

Eggen, P. D. K. (2012). Learning Strategies and Models. Jakarta: PT. Indeks.

Fauzan, A., & Yerizon. (2013). The Effect of the RME Approach and Learning Independence on Student Mathematical Ability. Prosiding Semirata FMIPA Universitas Lampung

Fitria, Y. (2014). Reflection on Mapping of Understanding of Elemantary School Teacher About Integrated Science Learning. PEDAGOGI: Scientific Journal of Educational Sciences, 14(2)

Fitria, Y. (2017a). Development of Problem-Based Teaching Materials for the Fifth Class of Elementary School. TA’DIB, 20(2), 99-106.

Fitria, Y. (2017b). Effectiveness of Student Learning Competency Achievements in Learning Science in Primary Schools. Journal of Educational Innovation and Elementary School Learning. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Sekolah Dasar, 1(2), 34-42.

Fitria, Y., Permanasari, A., Sudargo, F., & Sopandi W. (2013). Elementary Teacher Student Perspective to Natural Science Learning as Accomodate Effort of Need Study Capability. International Journal of Science and Research, 2(3), 482-485.

Gustina, H. T., Syahrilfuddin, S., & Noviana, E. (2019). Pengaruh Pendekatan PEndidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia (PMRI) terhadap Hasil Belajar Matematika Siswa Kelas III SD Negeri 144 Pekanbaru. Tunjuk Ajar: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Pendidikan, 2(1), 30-39.

Muijs, D., & Reynolds, D. (2008). Effective Teaching. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belaja.

Mulyati., Firman., & Fitria, Y. (2016). The Effectiveness of Mathematics Learning With Problem Based Learning Approach and Motivation Against Student Learning Outcomes Class V Primary Schools 113 in Pekanbaru.

Murtiani, M., Fauzan, A., & Ratnawulan, R. (2012). Application of Lesson Study-Based Contextual Teaching And Learning (CTL) Approach in Improving the Quality of Physics Learning in SMP Negeri Kota Padang. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pembelajaran Fisika, 1(1), 1-21.

Oktriani W, Fauzan, A., & Ellizar. (2018). Increased activity and critical thinking ability of learners through cooperative learning model type numbered heads together aided by media quipper school in class X Multimedia SMK. Proceeding of International Conferences on Education, Social Sciences and Technology DOI:

Lestari, S., Syahrilfuddin, S., Putra, Z. H., & Hermita, N. (2020). The effect of realistic mathematic approach on students’ learning motivation. Journal of Teaching and Learning in Elementary Education, 2(2), 145-156.

Putra, Y., Zulkardi, Z., & Hartono, Y. (2016).Development of PISA Mathematical Model Levels 4, 5, 6 Using Context Lampung. Kreano, Journal of Creative-Innovative Mathematics, 7(1), 10-16.

Rosalia. (2005). Learning activity. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta

Rusman. (2010). Learning Models: Developing Teacher Professionalism, Second Edition. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Sardiman, A. M. (1986). Interaction and Motivation for Learning and Teaching. Jakarta: Raja. Grafindo Persada.

Sari, F. K., Rakimahwati, R., & Fitria, Y. (2019). Relationship between Interest and Student Learning Outcomes in Mathematics Learning for Class VI Elementary School Jati Tanah Tinggi. Jurnal Basicedu, 3 (2), 397-405.

Widjaja, W., Dolk, M., & Fauzan, A. (2020). The Role of Contexts and Teacher’s Questioning to Enhance Students’ Thinking. Journal of Science and Mathematics in Southeast Asia, 33(2), 168-186.

Wina, S. (2008). Learning System Planning & Design. Jakarta: Kencana.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Journal Of Teching And Learning In Elementary Education (JTLEE)
Department of Elementary Education
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education,
Universitas of Riau
Kampus Bina Widya Km 12,5 Simpang Baru
Pekanbaru 28293 – Indonesia

Journal Of Teaching And Learning In Elementary Education (JTLEE) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.